Presidente de Taiwan reforça apelos à paz e propõe solução para o Mar do Sul da China
O presidente de Taiwan, Ma Ying-jeou, quer diminuir as tensões no Mar do Sul da China. Num comunicado enviado ao Inteligência Económica, o chefe de Estado propôs uma iniciativa de paz para acabar com o conflito na região. O comunicado coincidiu com a revelação pela China de um documento de estratégia militar.
A declaração emitida por Taipé, e que contou com bom acolhimento por parte de Jeff Rathke, Press Officer Director do U.S. Departtment of State, visa garantir o controlo territorial das ilhas Nansha, Shisha, Chungsha e Tungsha, bem como das respectivas águas circundantes. Outro objectivo do Presidente Ma Ying-jeou passa por estabilizar pacificamente a zona através do diálogo e da cooperação regional, tendo as organizações internacionais e os governos estrangeiros já reconhecido os direitos adquiridos por Taiwan.
Esta é a segunda vêz em três anos que há uma iniciativa presidencial de Taiwan para tentar acabar com a tensão na região. No verão de 2012, Ma Ying-jeou fez uma proposta de paz para resolver os conflitos no Mar da China Oriental e ficar com a soberania das ilhas Diaoyutai, também conhecidas como Senkaku. Os desentendimentos entre Taiwan e o Japão foram ultrapassados após um acordo celebrado em Abril de 2013 na pesca, com a comunidade internacional a reconhecer os termos do entendimento, que colocou ponto final em 40 anos de divisões.
O governo de Taipé acredita que os objectivos subjacentes ao espírito da iniciativa de paz no Mar da China Oriental também podem ser aplicados na proposta para uma solução pacífica no Mar do Sul da China.
South China Sea Peace Initiative
May 26, 2015
Over the past few years, the parties concerned have continuously been at odds over disputes in theSouth China Sea, increasing tensions in the region and eliciting widespread concern in the international community. The government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) reiterates that, whether from the perspective of history, geography, or international law, the Nansha (Spratly) Islands, Shisha (Paracel) Islands,ChungshaIslands(Macclesfield Bank), and Tungsha (Pratas)Islands, as well as their surrounding waters, are an inherent part of ROC territory and waters. The ROC enjoys all rights over them in accordance with international law. This is indisputable.
Islands in theSouth China Seawere first discovered, named, used, and incorporated into national territory by the Chinese. The ROC recovered the islands fromJapanafter the Second World War. The San Francisco Peace Treaty, which entered into effect on April 28, 1952, as well as the Treaty of Peace between the ROC andJapanwhich was signed that same day, together with other international legal instruments, reconfirmed that the islands and reefs in the South China Sea occupied byJapanshould be returned to the ROC. In the several decades since, the fact that the ROC owns and exercises effective control over these islands has been recognized by foreign governments and international organizations.
Since President Ma Ying-jeou assumed office in 2008, the ROC has actively strived to improve relations with mainlandChina. Tensions in theTaiwan Straithave been greatly reduced, and cross-strait relations continue to develop peacefully. Meanwhile, President Ma proposed the East China Sea Peace Initiative in August 2012 to deal with disputes in the East China Sea as well as the sovereignty issue concerning theDiaoyutaiIslands. This initiative not only helped alleviate friction in the region but also facilitated a fisheries agreement signed by the ROC andJapanin April2013 inaccordance with the concept that, even though sovereignty cannot be divided, resources can be shared. This agreement, ending a 40-year-old fisheries dispute between the ROC andJapan, has been widely recognized by the international community.
Similarly, with regard to disputes in the South China Sea, the ROC government, upholding the basic principles of safeguarding sovereignty, shelving disputes, pursuing peace and reciprocity, and promoting joint development, is willing to exploit resources in the South China Seain cooperation with the other parties concerned. It is also prepared to actively participate in related dialogue and cooperation mechanisms, so as to resolve disputes through peaceful means, safeguard regional peace, and promote regional development. As this year (2015) marks the 70th anniversary of the end of the Second World War, the countries surrounding theSouth China Sea should heed the lessons of history and commit themselves to advancing regional peace and prosperity. Therefore, in view of the rising tensions in the South China Sea, the ROC, based on its successful peace-making experiences in theEast China Sea, hereby solemnly proposes the South China Sea Peace Initiative, calling on all parties concerned to:
- 1. exercise restraint, safeguard peace and stability in theSouth China Sea, and refrain from taking any unilateral action that might escalate tensions;
- 2. respect the principles and spirit of relevant international law, including the Charter of the United Nations and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, peacefully deal with and settle disputes through dialogue and consultations, and jointly uphold the freedom and safety of navigation and overflight through the South China Sea;
- 3. ensure that all parties concerned are included in mechanisms or measures that enhance peace and prosperity in theSouth China Sea, e.g. a maritime cooperation mechanism or code of conduct;
- 4. shelve sovereignty disputes and establish a regional cooperation mechanism for the zonal development of resources in theSouth China Sea under integrated planning; and
- 5. set up coordination and cooperation mechanisms for such non-traditional security issues as environmental protection, scientific research, maritime crime fighting, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
The ROC is willing to work with the other parties concerned to implement the concepts and spirit of the South China Sea Peace Initiative in order to resolve disputes and jointly develop resources, thereby making the South China Sea a “Sea of Peace and Cooperation” similar to the East China Sea.